PurposesThe purposes of this writing activity are:To introduce you to reading and summarizing published research in psychological scienceTo help you feel comfortable searching for and extracting from new scientific sourcesTo encourage you to apply the findings of psychological science to a new real-world area of your choiceStep A: ReadingFirst, you will have a choice between two articles, on one of which you should focus your composition. One of these articles concerns developmental psychology (Module 4) and emotion (Module 11) and the other concerns psychological disorders (Module 14), developmental psychology (Module 4), and health & stress (Module 16). You may choose either:Wiggins, S. (2014). Family mealtimes, yuckiness and the socialization of disgust responses by preschool children. In P. E. Szatrowski (Ed.), Language and food: Verbal and nonverbal experiences (pp. 211-232). John Benjamins. https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.238.09wig (Links to an external site.)King, A., Vena, A., Hasin, D. S., deWit, H., O’Connor, S. J., & Cao, D. (2021). Subjective responses to alcohol in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 178(6), 560-571. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.20030247 (Links to an external site.)While you will focus your composition on only one of these two articles, you need to read both articles so that you are prepared to evaluate the work of your peers, who may have chosen the other article. The articles are posted on Quercus.Step B: WritingPart 1: SummaryIn this first part of your composition, your task will be to briefly summarize in your own words the central background, question, method, and results that the article you chose describes. You need to answer all of the following questions while you write:Background: What research has been done in the past that the authors of your article cite in the introduction to their paper?Research Question: What main question are the researchers trying to answer? In other words, why did they conduct this study in the first place?Method: How do the researchers propose that they will answer their research question? What population do they sample from? What techniques will they use to gather data?Results: What are the main results of the research study? How do these findings contribute to what is known about the topic?Part 2: ExtensionNext, you will propose how you might modify and extend this research in a cultural community and/or location that is different from the one in which the researchers conducted their original work. In writing this section of your paper, you will need to find and cite at least two additional scholarly sources to support your ideas. One or both of these scholarly sources could come from within psychological science (for example, a study that has used a method you think will be useful in the population you have chosen). One or both of your scholarly sources can also be from outside psychology, perhaps ones that tell you more about the population you have chosen to write about in this section. It’s up to you what area of research you use for your scholarly sources, and you may use more than two if you wish. For more information about the types of sources that meet this requirement, please see the “Format & Citations” section below.In writing this second section, you need to answer all of the following questions:From what population will your new study sample? The new population should be comprised of individuals whose background is somehow different from the participants in the original study (for example, your new participants could speak a different language, be from a different country, be members of a different ethnic community, be practitioners of a different religion, or be a different age from the participants in the original study. These are just examples of differences—there are many more possibilities!).Why will it be interesting for you to study this new population? What predictions do you have about how your new population might produce different results than the original population did?How might the research methods need to be adapted when examining individuals from your new population? Why?What benefit do you think will come from examining the new population that you have proposed? How will your proposed work broaden our understanding of the psychological phenomenon being studied?Format & CitationsThe entire composition should be 750-1000 words including in-text citations and a reference list. peerScholar will count the number of words that you have inputted into your web browser, and that is the number that your TAs will be using to mark your paper.As you’ll see in the activity rubric that will be posted on Quercus, deviations from this word count will result in points being lost on your final grade.You must use headings to divide your paper into “Summary” and “Extension” sections. You may also use subheadings beneath these larger headings, but these subheadings are optional.In your paper, you must cite at least three scholarly (primary) sources. You must use in-text citations as well as a reference list, both in APA (7th) format.One of these sources must be the original paper found on Quercus. The APA citation for this paper is written above, so you may copy and paste it into your composition.You will find two additional sources on your own. These sources may be used to answer some of the questions asked in the prompt above. For example, you might use additional sources to justify why you think the new population you have chosen might behave differently than the original one. Or you might borrow an idea for a new research method from another paper. These are just examples, and you can use your additional two papers however you wish.You may cite additional papers as well, but you must have a minimum of three sources, as described above.Articles in peer-reviewed journals are scholarly sources. These can be found online using the University of Toronto Library A good place to start looking for articles that discuss this topic might be Google Scholar, but you will have better luck getting access to the articles by using the Library’s search feature. The Library also subscribes to a database called PsycINFO that can help you find sources.Chapters in scientific books are also scholarly sources. These can often be found online through the Library as well.Scholarly sources do not include government data sets, blogs, websites (other than those used to find journals or books), news media, social media, the textbook, or lecture slides. You may use non-scholarly sources in your paper if you wish, but they do not count toward your requirements for using scholarly sources as described above.
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