Standpoint analysis

Use one of the readings attached for this assignment.
Standpoint analysisInstructions: A standpoint analysis involves analyzing a text using the interpretive framework of some specificcritical perspective or theory. Some examples of influential standpoint theories are the different schools ofpsychoanalysis, feminism, political ideology, philosophy, and so forth. In general, any time you interpret atext using the characteristic assumptions of some other viewpoint, you are engaging in a standpoint analysis.As such, standpoints can be very specific (e.g. the theory expressed by an individual theorist, or even by aspecific text), or they can be quite broad (e.g. a long-standing, historically changing perspective such as thestandpoint of a religion).The general method of standpoint analysis is to draw out features of the text to be analyzed that signifyimportant concepts or relations within the standpoint theory, and to build up an interpretation of the textfrom those significant details. For instance, a Marxist critique will look for evidence of power structures,individual alienation, political affinities, and so on, and use this evidence to assess the text in terms of itspolitical purpose and influence. Note also that standpoint theories are usually just as interested in what has9been left out of a text – a feminist critique of a play may well point out the absence of developed femalecharacters and the implications of that as significant features to be discussed.The specific methods of standpoint analysis are much too diverse to present here. Many well-establishedstandpoints have developed their own methodologies that are sometimes even discipline-specific, so onelearns these methodologies principally by exposure to the analyses presented by others. On the other hand,these methodologies are generally fairly loose, as long as you pay suitable attention to the important featuresof the standpoint in question (a textualist analysis of a poem, for instance, is expected to assess and comparethe different possible meanings of the individual words). Thus your standpoint analysis, like any method ofanalysis, should always strive to meet the general standards of critical thinking.Purpose: Standpoint analysis allows for a detailed, structured understanding of the significance (the meaningand importance) of a text. Unlike the other methods of analysis presented here, which strive for an ideal ofcritical neutrality in which the only necessary assumptions are those inherent to the critical process as such,standpoint analysis proceeds from a specific perspective that will be at least partly incompatible with otherstandpoints. However, it is only through a standpoint that significance can be adequately assessed becauseclaims of significance are necessarily tied to their interpretive standpoint. This also means that what issignificant from one standpoint may not be from another standpoint, and for this reason it can be useful tocompare multiple standpoint analyses to draw out the most important dimensions of a text.Use: In an important sense, we are always interpreting texts from our own individual standpoint, which sets upan initial judgment of the significance of those texts. The danger here is falling prey to our own personaland cultural biases, especially when that causes us to misunderstand the actual content of the text in our rushto assess its significance to us. The other methods presented all strive to avoid this pitfall by focusing on thetext and keeping our reactions to the text separate (or, in the case of critical evaluation, by assessing the textin terms of the specific standards of critical thinking).Standpoint analysis instead strives to avoid this problem by opening the text up to different interpretiveviewpoints than our own. It would, of course, be a mistake to treat any of these standpoints as giving the lastword on the meaning of some text, just as it is a mistake to treat our own view that way. Instead, wecan use standpoint analysis to understand the significance of a text in different fields of thought, each ofwhich contributes to our better understanding of the importance of that text within the whole of intellectuallife. Furthermore, you can use the other methods of analysis to better determine the content of a text, whichcan then be evaluated from specific standpoints, while your standpoint analysis may key you in to details ofthe text you otherwise would not have noticed.When reading a text, it can be useful to consider whether any standpoints would be particularly helpful indrawing out the significance of the text. You may also note passages that would be significant for a particularstandpoint, but make sure to clearly indicate the standpoint in question in your notes or annotations (e.g.“ego vs. id – cf. Freud”).You can also incorporate your standpoint analyses when writing essays. Many excellent essays (including alarge number of published academic essays) are examples of standpoint analysis that extensively incorporateother methods of analysis (e.g. explication, thematic analysis, critical evaluation). In a classroom setting,however, it is a good idea to check with your instructor about whether a specific standpoint analysis will beacceptable for an assignment, in case they want you to focus on a more neutral evaluation of the contents ofthe text.