I don’t understand this Political Science question and need help to study.
Man being born, as has been proved, with a title to perfect freedom, and an uncontrouled [sic] enjoyment of all the rights and privileges of the law of nature, equally with any other man, or number of men in the world, hath by nature a power, not only to preserve his property, that is, his life, liberty and estate, against the injuries and attempts of other men; but to judge of, and punish the breaches of that law in others, as he is persuaded the offence deserves, even with death itself, in crimes where the heinousness of the fact, in his opinion, requires it.
—From Two Treatises of Government, by John Locke
Which idea does John Locke discuss in this excerpt? (4 points)
What did James Madison write in Federalist No. 10 to counter the Anti-Federalists’ argument that it would be difficult for factions to form and control the government in a confederal system? (4 points)
Direct democracies are best able to mitigate the effects of factions.
Disparities in wealth are unlikely to cause factionalism.
Human nature leads to the creation of factions in government.
Restricting personal liberties is the most effective way to eliminate factionalism.
What concept from Federalist No. 10 is represented in the map? (4 points)
Checks and balances
Population of U.S. in 1790 (approx.)
Population of New Bedford (CT) in 1790
Time to travel to New York (nation’s capital in 1790) from Connecticut
Time to walk to center of New Bedford from city limits
Based on the above table, what might be a reason for the Anti-Federalists to oppose the Constitution? (4 points)
Representatives will make decisions to benefit most of the people.
Representatives’ proposals are better if they impact fewer people.
Representatives should not offer too much access to the people.
Representatives should have their offices close to the people.
Major Bills Enacted into Law by theConfederation Congress
Major Bills Enacted into Law by the U.S. Congressunder the Constitution
Source: The Library of Congress
Which statement accurately explains the table data? (4 points)
Congress under the Constitution was able to pass more legislation than the Confederation Congress.
Congress under the Constitution has more legislative responsibilities than did the Confederation Congress.
Passing laws under the Constitution takes less time than passing laws under the Articles of Confederation.
Passing laws under the Constitution requires more representatives to be present than under the Articles of Confederation.
In every State, a certain proportion of inhabitants are deprived of [the right to vote] by the constitution of the State, who will be included in the census by which the federal Constitution apportions the representatives. In this point of view the Southern States might retort…that the principle laid down by the convention required that no regard should be had to the policy of particular States towards their own inhabitants; and consequently, that the slaves, as inhabitants, should have been admitted into the census according to their full number, in like manner with other inhabitants, who, by the policy of other States, are not admitted to all the rights of citizens. A rigorous adherence, however, to this principle, is waived by those who would be gainers by it. All that they ask is that equal moderation be shown on the other side. Let the case of the slaves be considered, as it is in truth, a peculiar one.
—James Madison, from Federalist Paper No. 54
How did the Northern states’ position contrast with this argument? (4 points)
It held that slaves were not to be counted as other persons and should not be counted at all in a census of state population.
It held that adherence to the principles laid down for the convention gave slaves too large a voice in government.
It held that counting slaves who would not receive the vote would give southern states an advantage in the government.
It held that giving slaves a full count as one person in the census and when determining representation increased the motivation to import more slaves.
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