do these tests work with respect to evaluating comparative reasoning? Consider each of the four tests. What are the five criteria for evaluating comparative reasoning? Name and define them in your own words. According to the text, the basic question to ask when evaluating a comparison between two objects or ideas or events is Are they alike enough in the important ways or not? (p. 248). What are those important ways that determine the credibility of conclusions based on similarities? In your own words, define empirical reasoning. What are the three defining characteristics of empirical reasoning? What is meant by the hypothesis? What is the purpose of empirical reasoning? How do we evaluate empirical reasoning? What part of a research design addresses the test for logical strength, and how is it addressed? Briefly explain the process of peer review. What is the process of peer review designed to do? The authors of our text state: We have 40 years of data across multiple studies that confirm the positive correlation between taking a course in critical thinking and improvements in the students pretest to post-test critical thinking skills scores. It would be a mistake, therefore, all things being equal, to say that growth in critical thinking and taking a course in critical thinking are unrelated (p. 290). The hypothesis is false. Does that mean, therefore, that taking a critical thinking course causes students to become more skilled at critical thinking and more motivated to use those skills? Explain your answer. If reasoning is empirical, contains statistics, and appears in print, should we take for granted that it has passed the four tests of truthfulness of the premises, logical strength, relevance, and non-circularity? Explain your answer. 
- Your paper must include the sections below. Include the headings below in this order, as presented here. Your paper will not be graded if you do not divide it into these sections. Description of the issue or concern. This section must include the following: (1) Describe the problem; (2) Discuss thoroughly why this is an issue or concern related to this class. Include details. Discuss thoroughly (1½ full pages minimum). History or Background. Discuss the history/background of your topic. What has been done regarding the issue/concern you present in this paper. Include details (2 full pages minimum).
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- Scenario: You are a criminal investigator involved in an investigation into an aggravated battery. The defendant was charged after he almost beat his best friend to death. They had been friends for 15 years prior to this incident. Your investigation showed several motives, which included funds in the amount of $8,000 missing from a joint business between the defendant (Smith) and the victim (Jones). Also, you discovered that Jones was having an affair with Smith’s wife. Recently, Jones was discovered by you to have been meeting Smith’s teenage daughter at a local hotel and remaining with her overnight in the hotel. Jones has also been supplying his 13-year-old son with marijuana. Smith’s lawyer plans to plead insanity. What is the difference between the clinical concept of insanity and the legal concept of insanity? Take a position as a member of the prosecution or defense team. Focus your discussion on the following: What factors show that the defendant may be legally insane? What factors show that the defendant is clinically insane but not legally insane?
- english lit 8
- Routine cancer screenings are recommended by physicians and medical practitioners to inform patients who might have pre-dispositions or early signs of cancer. What is the importance of such screenings in regard to staging?