NURSING 201 Saunders Review Test 2. Questions and Answers.

taking this medication. C. I should return in approximately 6 months for my next injection. Correct D. Because it is highly effective, I can use this medication for many years. Correct E. Depression is a side effect, and I should let my doctor know if I experience any mood changes. Incorrect Rationale: Medroxyprogesterone is an injectable progestin given every 3 months to prevent ovulation and pregnancy. It suppresses ovulation for 15 weeks, and therefore, timing of the next injection is very important and should be no longer than exactly 3 months. Although medroxyprogesterone is highly effective, it should not be taken for more than 2 years due to the risk of osteoporosis. Weight gain, irregular periods, and depression are all known side effects. Test-Taking Strategy: Note the strategic words, need for further teaching. These words indicate a negative event query and the need to select the incorrect client statements. Specific knowledge about this medication is needed to answer correctly. Remember that it needs to be given every 3 months and should not be taken for more than 2 years due to the risk of osteoporosis. Review: medroxyprogesterone injections Level of Cognitive Ability: Evaluating Client Need: Health Promotion and Maintenance Integrated Process: Teaching and Learning Content Area: Pharmacology: Reproductive Medications Priority Concepts: Client Education, Reproduction HESI Concepts: Sexuality/Reproduction, Teaching and Learning/Patient Education Reference: Rosenjack Burchum, Rosenthal (2016), pp. 760-761. Awarded -1.0 points out of 2.0 possible points. 2.ID: 8 Following thyroid surgery, the nurse notes this response (refer to figure) when taking the clients blood pressure. On further assessment, which laboratory finding would the nurse expect to find? A. Serum calcium of 8.4 mg/dL (2.1 mmol/L) B. Correct C. Sodium level of 138 mEq/L (138 mmol/L) D. Serum potassium of 5.1 mEq/L (5.1 mmol/L) E. F. Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) of 1.5 mU/L Incorrect Rationale: Hypocalcemia is characterized by tetany, or sustained muscle contractions. Chvosteks sign is facial contractions seen after a light tap of the facial nerve in front of the ear. Trousseaus sign is carpal contraction when a blood pressure cuff is inflated. These two signs are observed in hypocalcemia. Test-Taking Strategy: Focus on the subject, thyroid surgery and the signs of hypocalcemia. Use knowledge of signs of muscle contractions and its association with a low calcium level. Note that hypocalcemia is a known complication after thyroid surgery and serum calcium levels should be closely monitored. Review: hypocalcemia. Level of Cognitive Ability: Synthesizing Client Need: Physiological Integrity Integrated Process: Nursing Process/Analyzing Content Area: Fundamentals of Care: Fluids & Electrolytes Priority Concepts: Cellular Regulation, Fluid and Electrolytes HESI Concepts: Cellular Regulation, Fluids and Electrolytes Reference: Lewis, S., Dirksen, S., Heitkemper, M., & Bucher, L. (2014). Medical-surgical nursing: Assessment and management of clinical problems (9th ed., pp. 298-299). St. Louis: Mosby. Awarded 0.0 points out of 1.0 possible points. 3.ID: 0 The charge nurse on a womens health unit is making a client room assignment. Which clients would be least appropriate to assign to share a room with a woman who is pregnant? Select all that apply. A. A client with hepatitis B Correct B. A client with herpes zoster Correct C. A client with pyelonephritis Incorrect D. A client with hashimotos thyroiditis Incorrect E. A client with a urinary tract infection Rationale: Viral infections such as hepatitis B and herpes zoster can be very serious for the mother and fetus if exposed and clients with these conditions should not share a room with a pregnant client. Pyelonephritis, hashimotos thyroiditis, and urinary tract infections can all have adverse effects on a pregnant woman, however, these are not contagious conditions, and therefore clients with these conditions can safely room share with a pregnant woman. Test taking strategy: Focus on the strategic words least appropriate and select the clients that should not share a room with a pregnant female. Think about the infectious factors of each disorder in the options to answer correctly. Review: risks of pregnancy Level of Cognitive Ability: Creating Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment Integrated Process: Nursing Process/Planning Content Area: Maternity: Antepartum Priority Concepts: Care Coordination, Infection HESI Concepts: Care Coordination, Infection Reference: McKinney, E., James, S., Murray, S., Nelson, K. & Ashwill, J. (2013). Maternal-child nursing (4th ed., pp. 626-628). St. Louis: Elsevier. Awarded -1.0 points out of 2.0 possible points. []