List at least three distinct factors that influence gang violence in a neighborhood. • Go about how these circumstances might affect gangs in a neighborhood.

List at least three distinct factors that influence gang violence in a neighborhood.
• Go about how these circumstances might affect gangs in a neighborhood.
Overview

Since the middle of the 20th century, gang violence has spread across the nation; all 50 states and the District of Columbia have reported gang issues, and over the last seven years, those reports have increased five times. Little is understood about the mechanisms that drive gangs and the most effective ways to stop their expansion, despite the continual development in the number and size of gangs throughout the United States, as well as the criminal activity and violence they inspire.

For instance, there is no universal agreement on how gangs develop, and few gang prevention initiatives have undergone thorough evaluation. This bulletin includes a collection of recent studies on gangs, including statistics on the extent of gang issues in the United States today, reasons why children join gangs, risk factors, and drawbacks that enhance youth’s likelihood of involvement in gangs.

Gang Activity Trends
The 25 years before the mid-1990s saw an increase in local youth gang issues in the United States.

(2007) (W.B. Miller). whereas only 19 states existed in the 1970s Recorded juvenile gang issues before the turn of the twenty-first century

All 50 states and the District of Columbia had admitted to having gang activity by the 20th century. law enforcement reported gang issues

the National Youth Gang Survey (NYGS)1’s enforcement peaked around the middle of the 1990s, then rapidly declined after that (2004) (Egley, Howell, and Major). 15 percent overall more issues with youth gangs being reported to the NYGS

Students claim that gang participation in schools is on a similar rise.
In the middle of the 1990s, gang presence in schools was reported by 28% of a national sample of pupils (Chandler et al., 1998). When compared to the level reported a decade earlier, this statistic fell to 17 percent in 1999 and then started to rise, reaching 23 percent in 2007.