design two experiments (one true experimental design, and one quasi-experimental design) investigating the effect of video games on aggression.

Please read mindfully and with focus:Maximum word count: 3000 words total (1500 per report) Please note the following:Students are required to indicate the exact word count on the title page of theassessment.The word count includes everything in the main body of the assessment (including in-text citations and references).The word count excludes numerical data in tables,figures, diagrams, footnotes, reference list and appendices. ALL other printedwords ARE included in the word count.Please note that exceeding the word count by over 10% will result in a 10-percentage point deduction.
Now for the assignment itself:(1500 words per report, 3000 words total for the portfolio)
Your task is to design two experiments (one true experimental design, and onequasi-experimental design) investigating the effect of video games on aggression.Each experiment should be presented in separate reports under separate titles – onefor the true experimental design, and one for the quasi-experimental design.Theseshould be submitted together as one document, as a portfolio.Once you have designed your true experiment and quasi-experiment, you shouldwrite each of them up as two separate research reports with three sections in eachone: An ‘Introduction’ section, a ‘Methods’ section, and a ‘Validity and Ethical Considerations’ section.Detailed guidance on how to construct each of these sections andhow to discuss ethical and validity issues can be found below and in the sessions forthe module.Please noteYou must not collect any data from participants for your study. You only need to design your study and write up the given sections of the report, as outlined below in the“The details and structure of your research report” sectionFor more information, please see lesson two, “Components of experimental design”.You can also share your ideas on the assessment forum. Then, your fellow studentsand your lecturer can help you to figure out whether you have come up with an experimental and quasi-experimental design.
***IMPORTANT DETAILS***The details and structure of your research reports:Both reports must contain all of the following sections and sub-headings:
1-TitleYour title should reflect what the experiment is investigating. More specifically, itshould give an indication of what your independent variable was and what your dependent variable was in as few words as possible. For example: “The effects ofsugar intake on self-reported happiness”.
2-IntroductionIn this section, you should very briefly introduce the topic area and explain why it isan important area to conduct research into. You should then go on to discuss themethods and findings of 3 existing research studies from the same topic area. Youshould ideally consider your concepts of interest in the context of a relevant psychological theory. Next, you should explain how your own study builds upon (generatesnew knowledge or replicates) the previous studies that you discussed earlier. Finally,you should state the aim and hypothesis of your study. Your aim should be a generalsummary of what you are trying to discover. Conversely, your hypothesis should be aprecise prediction of the effect that you expect your independent variable would haveon your dependent variable, if you were to actually run the study.
3-MethodsIn this section, you should include enough information to allow someonereading your report to conduct a full and accurate replication of your experiment. Youshould also introduce the most important ethical and validity issues that are relevantto your true experiment/quasi-experiment. This section should be written in the pasttense (as though you have already completed the studies). Please use the followingsubsections within your methods section:
1) DesignStart by stating the type of experimental design used (e.g. repeated measures, independent groups or matched pairs for true experiments, and the explicit type of quasi-experiment) and very briefly explain why that design was the most appropriate onefor your study. Next, state what your independent variable was and what the levels(conditions) of the independent variable were. Then, state what your dependent variable was and how it was operationalized (i.e. defined and measured). You shouldalso outline the control and random variables that have been considered in yourstudy.For your true experiment, you must use an experimental design, so that you can determine cause and effect, such as independent groups design or repeated measuresdesign. For your quasi-experiment, you must use a suitable design, such as a nonequivalent groups design or pre-test, post-test.
2) ParticipantsThis section should cover how many participants you collected data from, what therange, mean and standard deviation of their ages were, what the gender distributionof the sample was and what population you sampled from (you can make these up,as you do not have to collect any data for this assignment). You should also outlineyour sampling technique (e.g. opportunity sampling), You should also include yourinclusion and exclusion criteria for participation in the study.
3) MaterialsIn this section, you will need to use full paragraphs (not lists!) to provide detailed descriptions of the make, model and setup variables of each material, for each experiment. If you are using questionnaires or similar materials, then you will need to explain how many questions were asked, which specific ones were used, on what topics and (ideally) to provide an example question. You should also give scoring information. If you are using a computer task, then what stimuli were included in the taskand how many trials did the participant have to complete?
4) ProcedureThis section should provide details of exactly what it was like to participate in thestudy. In this section, you should outline the timings of each experiment. Therefore,you should explain when and where consent was obtained, when, how and wherethe participant engaged with each stage of the task and when and where each dependent variable was recorded, for both experiments. You should also explain when,howand where the debriefing was conducted.
LASTLY:***Validity and ethical considerationsIn this section***You should explain the ways in which you designed your methods tobe ethical and to ensure a high degree of internal and external validity.You may splitthis section into a paragraph explaining which precautions you took to ensure a highlevel of ethical conduct and a paragraph to explain which precautions you took to ensure high levels of internal and external validity.When describing each precaution,you should explain how it improved the ethical conduct or validity of your study, rather than simply stating that it did improve them.(10 marks per report, 20 marks in total)(300 words, in each report)
Relevance of proposed study, adherence to the brief and learning outcomes,presentation and referencingYou will receive marks based on the relevance of your proposed study, and the extent to which you address the experimental question, and contribution to the widerfield. You will also be marked on your ability to plan a psychology study, and the extent to which you achieve the learning outcomes. You will also be marked on yourpresentation, including appropriate use of subheadings; formatting; and how clear,concise and scientific your writing style is. You will also be marked on your ability toreference strong sources and using in-text citations and a reference list in line withAPA 6th or 7th edition.
***Referencing Guidance***You MUST underpin your analysis and evaluation of the key issues with appropriateand wide ranging academic research and ensure this is referenced using the APA