In a fragment written in 1861, Abraham Lincoln attempted to capture the nature of the American political order in the following terms: “All this is not the result of accident. It has a philosophical cause. Without the Constitution and the Union, we could not have attained the result; but even these, are not the primary cause of our great prosperity. There is something back of these, entwining itself more closely about the human heart. That something, is the principle of “Liberty to all”–the principle that clears the path for all–gives hope to all–and, by consequence, enterprize, and industry to all The expression of that principle, in our Declaration of Independence, was most happy, and fortunate. Without this, as well as with it, we could have declared our independence of Great Britain; but without it, we could not, I think, have secured our free government, and consequent prosperity. No oppressed, people will fight, and endure, as our fathers did, without the promise of something better, than a mere change of masters. The assertion of that principle, at that time, was the word, “fitly spoken” which has proved an “apple of gold” to us. The Union, and the Constitution, are the picture of silver, subsequently framed around it. The picture was made, not to conceal, or destroy the apple; but to adorn, and preserve it. The picture was made for the apple–not the apple for the picture. So let us act, that neither picture, or apple shall ever be blurred, or bruised or broken. That we may so act, we must study, and understand the points of danger. ”
Explain Lincoln’s analogy of an apple of gold in a frame of silver and his reasoning here on the relationship of the philosophical principles of the nation to its constitutional organization.
Explain what those philosophical principles are as embodied in the Declaration of Independence and as employed in our struggle under the British.
Explain how Americans attempted to better protect those rights in the transition from the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution.
Finally, how did the Federalist’s Papers (CHOOSE FED 10 OR FED 51) attempt to defend the new Constitution in terms that complement Lincoln’s argument here.
Paper has a clear thesis and introduction that articulates the argument and understands the issue in the quote from Lincoln /20
Coherent analysis of the philosophical foundations of American politics that illustrates a thoughtful understanding of the argument of the Declaration of Independence and the origins of these principles in America’s struggle with Britain /20
Paper offers a comprehensive analysis of the problems under the Articles of Confederation and the reasons for adopting a new Constitutional scheme /20
Paper offers an accurate account Federalist’s case for a the proposed Constitution (USING FED 10 OR 51) /20
Paper is free of grammatical and spelling errors